Urban Agriculture in Indonesia, need it?

Urban Agriculture in Indonesia

Indonesia is an agricultural country with a tropical climate that allows many plants to grow well. One that can grow well is vegetables, but this is inversely proportional to the amount of vegetable consumption in Indonesia, Healthcare Research and Development Agency (Balitbangkes) Ministry of Health 2014 and then processed data in 2015. Indonesian society only eat vegetables 91 grams (g) per day per person. Whereas the number of standard sufficiency for healthy is to consume fruits and vegetables as much as 5 servings per day or a total of 91.25 kilograms / capita / year. Urban Agriculture in Indonesia

Based on SPH data collection and processing results in 2014, total vegetable production in 2014 is 11,918,571 tons. There are 5 (five) types of vegetable crops that contribute the largest production to total vegetable production in Indonesia: cabbage / cabbage (12, 05%), potatoes (11.31%), red onions (10.35%), large chili (9.02%) and tomatoes (7.69%). While the rest (20 other vegetables) the percentage of production each less than seven percent

From the data shows the presentation of vegetable crop consumption such as kale, spinach, lettuce and other green vegetables are still considered very low. One technique that can be developed to boost vegetable production is to include urban communities to increase vegetable productivity by applying urban agriculture through hydroponics techniques. Urban Agriculture in Indonesia

The urban population needs to be self-sufficient in the provision of food. The increasingly widespread urban growth in Indonesia leads to reduced agricultural land, not to mention the issue of agricultural land ownership. Indonesian farmers on average only work on the 0.3 hectares of rice fields, far from the ideal of about two hectares. Inadequate domestic food supplies make Indonesia must continue importing, often until scarcity occurs. Like the scarcity of soy and chilli some time ago.
In hydroponic systems, plants are planted without using soil. Plants receive all the essential nutrients from a nutrient-rich water-based solution. various hydroponic methods in which plants can grow well in non-soil media as well as in solution and water media

The concept of Food Oriented Development (FOD)

FOD is a concept of urban development that can make the city as a food provider for its citizens in a sustainable manner. The concept considers aspects of food security as well as socio-economic considerations in urban physical development. One of the manifestations of FOD is farming in urban areas or commonly called urban farming

Urban farming has proven to be successful in developed countries, with even less agricultural land than Indonesia. Examples are Canada and the UK that have inserted about urban farming in the rules and planning of the city. The success stems from the economic crisis that causes food difficulties. So at that time arises innovation to develop agriculture in urban areas.

Urban Agriculture in Indonesia

Urban Agriculture in Indonesia

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